Betta fish breed
successful before they reach a year of age. (Bettas are usually bred
between 6 months and 1 year) They breed in bubblenests and do not
special tank ( a breeding tank is recommended however) or
equipment. In fact the male Betta fish
takes care of almost everything. Were that only true for the human
species - um... wouldn't you agree Ladies?
bare bottomed tank, ten gallons or so is sufficient but, if need
be, you can
get away with smaller tanks. However, you must condition the
Betta fish before breeding. This is not complicated and simply
involves introducing them and feeding your Bettas with live foods.
To introduce your
Bettas place each fish in adjoining containers where
they can see each other. (the male will usually say something like "
So, you hang out here often"...) Use either separate jars or a
barrier so that they can not intermingle. This should last between 3 to
10 days depending on their state of readiness. Once introductions have
been made you can place them in the breeding tank together.
The breeding tank
should be about 5 inches deep. Place a large leaf or
a piece of foam in it to aid the male in building the bubble nest.
Several readers have
sent emails asking which fish should be bred and
how to tell when the fish are ready. In general you should select a
pair that has the color and shape that most appeals to you. The
male should always be larger than the female and you might want to
choose one that has a great deal of energy with a vibrant color.
The male is ready as soon as he starts making his bubble nest. The
female will have a distended stomach culminating at the ovipositor.
(white egg spot protruding from her abdomen) You will also see verticle
stripes on the females flanks when she is ready to spawn. (If the
stripes are horizontal this is a sign of stress) The female is capable
of holding upwards of 500 eggs.
Egg Spot (Ovipositor)
You should test your
water's acidity. Ideally you want a PH level of
about 7.0. The temperature of the tank should be 23 C or slightly
higher (80 F).
When ready to spawn,
the male Betta will blow a bubble nest. (This
should take 1 - 2 days) Be
sure to provide the female Betta with a place that she can hide
in. (Placing plants in the tank will provide shelter) This is to
protect her from the male who can become aggressive
during the courtship period. ( Men... sheesh!!)
It is not unusual for
the female Betta to lose a few scales or have
frayed during spawning. (poor dear) Spawning will cause both male and
display intense colors and begin circling each other under the
Next, the female betta will turn over and the male Betta will
wrap himself around her as she expels the eggs. Don't be alarmed if at
times the female gets lethargic and floats to
the top, this is hard work for her and can be exhausting. The whole
process will be repeated several times until the female has finished
laying her eggs.The eggs are fertilized
and will sink to the bottom of the tank.This is when the male Betta
takes over. He will scoop up the eggs in his mouth and carry them
into the bubble nest. The male will tend to the brood from here
You should remove
the female as soon as the male drives her from the nest. (Do this
carefully so you do not disturb the nest) The male can become
towards her as he tends
Any eggs that fall out of the nest will be put back by the male. Within
a day or two the eggs will hatch and you will see the
fry hanging from the nest, tails pointed downward. The fry are fed, for
the next day or two, from their yolk sack. If the fry fall out of
the nest during this time the male Betta will continue to put
them back in the nest.
The fry will start to
swim in 3 - 4 days. When the fry begin to swim
should remove the male or he will begin to eat them. ( alas... it's a
fish eat fish world) I digress...
Feed the fry twice
daily. Use baby brine shrimp, daphnia
or very fine baby food. You can use a Tetra dry mixture specifically
egglaying fish. Most pet shops carry frozen baby brine shrimp.
When the fry reach 2
weeks you can begin small water changes but do be
careful as the fry are still very small.
Remember - do not
overfeed your fish. The excess food will foul the
water and can
quickly prove lethal to the fry.
Please keep in mind
that these are just
guidelines for breeding your Betta fish.
If you are serious
about wanting to breed your fish then you shoud
really invest in a more intensive course and learn all the necessary
tips and techniques. This is especially true if you want to sell your
fish. There are not a lot of guides that specifically deal with
breeding Betta Fish but I have found an excellent publication that is
reasonably priced and deals exclusively with Betta breeding. For those
who are interested in becoming a Betta breader you can find the link
by Tho Le
You might want to use
the folowing products if you are having trouble
getting your Bettas to Breed.
| Betta Fish Care | Betta
Fish Info | Betta
Fish Food | Betta
Fish Tanks | Betta
Fish Bowls | Breeding
Fish | Betta
Fish Diseases | Betta Fish
| Betta Fish Compatibility Chart | Swim
| Betta Fish Diseases | Betta Fish
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